Completing Common Tasks in AppleScript

This How-To will show you how to perform common tasks in AppleScript. These lines will run as is if they are run from an embedded AppleScript. If you want to run them from outside Indigo (i.e. Script Editor), then enclose them in a tell application block like this:

tell application "IndigoServer"
    turn on "Office Lamp"
end tell
  • Turn on/off a light named “Office Lamp”
turn on "Office Lamp"
turn on "Office Lamp" for 60       -- leaves the light on for one minute (60 seconds) then turns it back off
turn on "Office Lamp" in 60        -- turns the light on after delaying one minute (60 seconds)
turn on "Office Lamp" in 60 for 60 -- combines the above two
-- the previous options work as well with "turn off" and "toggle"
  • Brighten/dim a light named “Office Lamp”
-- Note: all brighten/dim numbers are 0-100 (0 being off and 100 being all the way on)
brighten "Office Lamp" to 85      -- sets the brightness to 85 regardless of previous setting
brighten "Office Lamp" by 25      -- brightens the lamp by 25 from it's current setting
brighten "Office Lamp" by 25 in 5 -- delays the brighten command by 5 seconds
dim "Office Lamp" to 25           -- sets the brightness to 25 regardless of previous setting
dim "Office Lamp" by 25           -- dims the lamp by 25 from it's current setting
dim "Office Lamp" by 25 in 5      -- delays the dim command by 5 seconds
  • disable/enable time/date or trigger action
-- Each of the below enable statements has a corresponding disable command
enable time date action "Test T/D Action"                 -- enables a time/date action named "Test T/D Action"
enable time date action "Test T/D Action" for 60*60       -- same as above, but leaves the t/d action enabled only for 1 hour (60 seconds * 60 minutes)
enable time date action "Test T/D Action" in 60           -- enables a time/date action named "Test T/D Action" but delays one minute (60 seconds) first
enable time date action "Test T/D Action" in 60 for 60*60 -- combines the above two

-- Each of the below enable statements has a corresponding disable command
enable trigger action "Test Trigger Action"                 -- enables a trigger action named "Test Trigger Action"
enable trigger action "Test Trigger Action" for 60*60       -- same as above, but leaves the t/d action enabled only for 1 hour (60 seconds * 60 minutes)
enable trigger action "Test Trigger Action" in 60           -- enables a trigger action named "Test Trigger Action" but delays one minute (60 seconds) first
enable trigger action "Test Trigger Action" in 60 for 60*60 -- combines the above two
  • Execute an Action Group named “Test Action Group”
execute group "Test Action Group"        -- execute the group
execute group "Test Action Group" in 60  -- delay the group execution by one minute (60 seconds)
  • Execute an AppleScript in a separate thread (why?)
execute script file "MyDisk:Path:to:the:script:file.scpt" 
execute script POSIX file "/Path/to/the/script/file.scpt"
  • Getting information from a thermostat named “First Floor”
-- Getting the temperature and humidity from a thermostat is a little complex
-- because the values of those properties are actually lists - it's possible to get
-- multiple temperatures and humidity readings with the right equipment (with external
-- sensors, etc.)
set tempList to temperatures of device "First Floor"
-- tempList is now an AppleScript list - for a standard thermostat it will be something like {74}
-- with just one item. To get each item, you need to refer to it by number:
set theTemp to item 1 of tempList
-- After this line executes, theTemp will be equal to 74.
-- Humidity values work exactly the same way. If you're using an IO device that has multiple inputs and outputs,
-- they will also be presented as lists.
  • Adjust a Thermostat named “First Floor” (these are just a few examples, look at the device dictionary for details)
set hvac mode of device "First Floor" to heatCoolOn  -- operation based on the heat and cool setpoints
set hvac mode of device "First Floor" to runProgramAuto --  automatic operation of the Auto program that you create on the thermostat
set heat setpoint of device "First Floor" to 72 -- used when heatOn or heatCoolOn are set as hvac mode
set cool setpoint of device "First Floor" to 78 -- used when coolOn or heatCoolOn are set as hvac mode
set fan mode of device "First Floor" to fanAlwaysOn  -- keeps the fan running all the time - fanAutoOn is the other option
  • Control a sprinkler named “Sprinkler”
set sprinkler zone of device "Sprinkler" to 0 -- turns the sprinkler off
set sprinkler zone of device "Sprinkler" to 1 -- turns on zone one which will run for the max duration
  • Creating/Getting/Setting Variables
-- Create a variable named "Test_Variable"
make new variable with properties {name:"Test_Variable", value:"Some Value Here"}

-- Get the value of a variable named "Test_Variable" into an AppleScript variable named theVarValue
set theVarValue to value of variable "Test_Variable"

-- Set the value of a variable named "Test_Variable" to "Hello World!"
set value of variable "Test_Variable" to "Hello World!"
  • Log something into the Indigo Event Log
-- The following line
log "This is a typical log entry"
-- results in "  Script             This is a typical log entry" being inserted into the log
-- to change "Script" to something more useful, use the following line
log "This is a typical log entry" using type "MyTestScript
-- results in "  MyTestScript       This is a typical log entry" being inserted into the log
  • Remove Delayed Actions - you know, when you set “Delay by” in an action, or use “in” when turning on/off a device. When you do that, Indigo creates a time/date action with a funky name and you may not know which action or device is associated with it. Here's how you do it in AppleScript:
-- This one will remove any delayed actions associated with the device named "Office Lamp"
remove delayed actions for device "Office Lamp" 

-- This will remove any delayed actions from a trigger named "My Test Trigger" 
-- (this can be either a time/date action or a trigger action)
remove delayed actions for trigger "My Test Trigger"

-- This will remove all delayed actions
remove delayed actions
  • Supress logging - when you run scripts that operate devices, all of those changes get inserted into the log. In any given script, you may not want any of the results logged - or perhaps you only want one log entry for the entire script. Here's how you would do that.
-- NOTE: for this to work correctly, you MUST have the with transaction block INSIDE a 
-- tell application "IndigoServer" even if this is being run embedded.
tell app "IndigoServer" 
   with transaction 
      transaction suppress logging -- Anything after this line before the end transaction line will NOT be logged
      turn on "Office Sconces" 
      turn off "Office LampLinc" 
      set brightness of device "Office Overhead" to 35 
   end transaction
   log "Office scene created" using type "Office Script"
end tell
  • Supress state change sending - some users have found that creating a “virtual” device - a device that doesn't actually have a hardware target, is useful for representing state in Indigo. However, Indigo requires that when you define a device you specify an address of some type for the device (X10 for instance). So, you can control those devices through scripts without Indigo trying to actually send the command:
-- NOTE: for this to work correctly, you MUST have the with transaction block INSIDE a 
-- tell application "IndigoServer" even if this is being run embedded.
tell application "IndigoServer"
	with transaction
		transaction suppress state change sending
		-- every state change command after the above suppress verb 
		-- that is inside this "with transaction" block will not send out any 
		-- interface commands 
		set brightness of device "Virtual Volume Controller" to 15
		turn on "Virtual Attic Fan"
	end transaction
end tell
  • Use multiple conditions in a single trigger (specify no conditionals in the conditions tab and use the following as an Execute AppleScript action)
if ((value of variable "houseMode" = "night") and (value of variable "houseStatus" = "vacation")) then
	-- do whatever you need to do here
end if
common_tasks_in_applescript.txt · Last modified: 2019/01/25 22:53 (external edit)
 

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